What is oligohydramnios and what are its complications?

What is oligohydramnios and what are its complications

Have you ever heard the word “oligohydramnios”? This term refers to small amounts of amniotic fluid, which is essential for the life of the baby in the womb. It is the protective layer of the body and also helps your muscles, respiratory system and digestive system to develop properly.

It starts producing from 12 days after conception and its composition changes as the child grows.

“Amniotic fluid is a fluid that surrounds and dampens the embryo and then the developing fetus in the amniotic sac. This allows the fetus to move within the wall of the uterus without the uterus walls adapting too much to your body and being additionally supported hydraulically. “

– José Luis García and Claudia García –

Over the weeks, the baby begins to move with the help of amniotic fluid, which is why it is important to keep it at a healthy level.

If the amount is too high or too low, there may be certain disadvantages to the child’s growth. Oligohridramnias are known to be low in this fluid, and when they are too high they are called polyhydramnias.

What is oligohydramnione and how is it identified?

As you have already read, it is the lack of amniotic fluid in the abdomen. The measurement is carried out using various methods, including ultrasound. It can be done at different stages of pregnancy and may require repetitions to establish control and treatment measures.

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What are the causes of the small amount of amniotic fluid?

Maternal diseases such as preeclampsia, separation of the placenta and high blood pressure.
Side effects of other drugs that the pregnant mother includes. Some of them can be NSAIDs.What is oligohydramnios and what are its complications?
Long-term or post-pregnancy, ie beyond the limit of 40 weeks of pregnancy.
Any type of fetus disease that causes poor urinary function development.
Problems of growth and development of the fetus in the womb. This condition is known as intrauterine growth restriction.
Changes in the conformation of chromosomes.

What are the signs and symptoms of oligohydramnias?

In general, this condition has no special symptoms that are easily noticeable. However, the mother could begin to believe that she has this condition if the movements of the fetus are suddenly reduced. Another sign of oligohydramnios is poor uterine growth when normal standards are used as a reference.

What are the consequences of low amniotic fluid?

If oligohydramnias are found in the first half of pregnancy, the most serious risks are:

Defects at the time of birth. Oligohydramnias can have ramifications, such as compression of the baby’s organs, and can cause prenatal injuries.
Increasing the possibility of child abortion or death

If it is diagnosed in the second half of pregnancy, it can have negative effects:

Reduced growth in the uterus and therefore deficiencies in the development of the organs.
Increased chances of premature birth.
Complications during childbirth, such as umbilical cord compression, meconium, or the need for a caesarean section.

What are the treatments for oligohydramnios?

Amniotic infusion during childbirth. In this procedure, serum is introduced into the intrauterine cavities through a catheter. With this technique, the amniotic fluid deficiency is remedied and the umbilical cord is decompressed. This reduces the chances of a caesarean section.
Liquid injections or amniocentesis. It is similar to the previous procedure, but is carried out before delivery. It must be made clear that the injected fluid remains in the abdomen for only one week. This is a temporary measure that helps doctors with fetal control and checks that the baby’s body is developing normally.What is oligohydramnios and what are its complications?
Rehydration of the mother. Ingestion of intravenous fluids or oral administration also helps to increase the amount of amniotic fluid in the uterus.

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It is important to determine whether the amount of amniotic fluid is normal so that your baby can grow and develop fully. Remember that this liquid will be your child at home for many weeks and must be of high quality. If you suspect that you have oligohydramnias, it is time to consult your doctor and do the studies necessary for diagnosis.

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