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For a natural pregnancy, it is not enough to have a good quality and quantity of sperm. It is also important that women have a good ovarian reserve. It is a key element in a woman’s fertility and corresponds to the number of ovarian follicles.
Unlike men, whose bodies constantly renew their sperm from puberty, women have a predefined number of ovarian follicles from birth, which decreases over the years.
Certainly, the likelihood of getting pregnant is directly related to the reserve of the ovaries. The higher the number of follicles, the greater the possibilities of perception. With age, the quantity and quality of ovarian follicles decrease, although the rate of change in the reserve varies from woman to woman.
In fact, the regulation and number of follicles between the ovaries varies from woman to woman. Environmental influences such as chemical pollutants, stress or electromagnetic waves can modulate the expression of genes and therefore have an effect on this regulation of the ovary and its eggs. This can lead to a more or less rapid acceleration of the reserve on the follicles until the stage of ovarian failure and thus female infertility is reached.
The ovarian reserve
The term “ovarian reserve” refers to an assessment of the number of ovarian follicles that are present in the ovaries at a particular point in a woman’s life. It also shows when the woman is in her reproductive period and how long this phase can last.
And is that the ovaries are able to produce eggs by stimulation. This capacity is called the ovarian reserve and is closely related to the age of the woman. In fact, the ovarian reserve remains stable until the age of 35 and then gradually decreases.
The ovarian reserve is genetic and therefore individual despite the age of the woman. As mentioned earlier, some conditions can reduce women’s ovarian reserve.
However, you should keep in mind that ovarian reserve assessment is one of the first steps to assess a couple’s infertility and determine the level of medical emergency. Also, don’t forget that the ovarian reserve is one of the factors that limit the possibility of natural pregnancy and the success rate of assisted reproductive treatments.
The ovarian reserve and the likelihood of conception
The likelihood of pregnancy depends not only on the reserve of the ovaries, but also on the age of the woman. For example, there are cases where women over the age of 30 have a low ovarian reserve with few eggs but good quality.
In contrast, other women over the age of 40 may have more eggs, even if they are of lower quality. This explains that every woman’s ovarian age is not exactly her biological age. On the other hand, it is also a perfect example of the fact that there are women of the same age with a different ovarian reserve. And even the age of the woman’s menopause is greatly affected by the mother’s age of menopause, suggesting a genetic component.
How is it possible to maintain the ovarian reserve?
On the other hand, you should take into account that some environmental factors can affect follicle production during uterine life. For example, cigarette smoking, treatment with certain medications, such as B. chemotherapy and probably even exposure to toxic agents that anticipate menopause and therefore affect the ovarian reserve.
Fortunately, you should know that it is possible to maintain this reservation through an appropriate lifestyle. This means that you need a healthy and balanced diet, in addition to physical activity and if possible not smoking.
Before the end, we remind you that the ovarian reserve gradually decreases with age until it is used up. This decrease is constant up to the age of 37 and then accelerates until the menopause. Therefore, age is the main risk factor for an insufficient ovarian reserve. However, not all women of the same age have a similar reservation, as this varies greatly from woman to woman.
Vitamin D and its relationship to fertility
All vitamins are important for good health, but in recent years vitamin D and its relationship to fertility have been highlighted.