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Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common condition in which gastric acid seeps into the esophagus. This disease occurs when the upper part of the digestive tract is not working properly and the contents of the stomach get back into the esophagus. While knowing when reflux is a disease is not always easy, we will discover it at the end of this article.
The first thing you should know is that heartburn is the most obvious manifestation or symptom of acid reflux. However, if heartburn occurs frequently (defined as a few times a week), it can be a symptom that brings with it a more serious condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease.
In fact, gastroesophageal reflux simply causes symptoms such as heartburn and an unpleasant taste in the back of the mouth. The truth is that the symptoms are the same as acid reflux, like the burning sensation in the chest and the feeling that the contents of the stomach are in the throat.
Dry cough or difficulty swallowing may also occur. For some people this is only a nuisance occasionally, for others it is a serious and lifelong problem. In most cases, reflux can be alleviated by changes in diet and lifestyle.
You have to implement lifestyle changes
Gastroesophageal reflux can often be controlled through self-help and medication. In addition to lifestyle and diet changes, the doctor may recommend over-the-counter or prescription treatments. In any case, patients are always asked to follow a few steps before taking medication, although some things are very difficult to achieve, such as quitting.
In this regard, foods and beverages that can irritate the damaged esophagus, such as citrus and juices, tomato products, and pepper, should be avoided. And it is that spicy, sour and fried foods are more likely to trigger reflux. Similarly, reducing serving sizes at mealtimes can also help control symptoms.
Eating meals at least 2 to 3 hours before bedtime can reduce gastroesophageal reflux by reducing the acidity in the stomach and partially emptying the stomach. In addition, being overweight often aggravates the symptoms. In fact, many overweight people find relief by losing a few pounds. Obesity is shown to be a factor in weakening the lower esophageal sphincter.
However, some people need medication or surgery. People with severe chronic gastroesophageal reflux or symptoms that are not alleviated by the treatments described above may need a more complete diagnostic assessment. You may only need to take medication if you experience the symptoms. If the problem persists, they may need to be dealt with in the longer term.
When is gastroesophageal reflux disease?
This condition occurs when a muscle at the end of the esophagus does not close properly. This allows the contents of the stomach to flow back and irritate the esophagus. It is considered an illness if the reflux is accompanied by other symptoms or if it continues after childhood. Even if you have symptoms of acid reflux more than twice a week.
In any case, gastroesophageal reflux has a negative impact on well-being and quality of life. Symptoms may be less common in patients, e.g.
Persistent sore throat.
Difficulty swallowing or pain.
Unexplained chest pain.
Feeling of a lump in the throat.
Uncomfortable feeling of fullness after meals.
In short, we would like to end this article and remind you that gastroesophageal reflux is a very common condition that affects a very large number of people, although treatment can lead to complications. In any case, you should know that if it is not treated, it can lead to more negative scenarios.